Dr. Md. Muhibbullah, Assistant Professor of the EEE department of Bangladesh University (BU), and his research group modified the electromagnetic wave energy equation in January 2017. It is a great achievement in the field of Applied Physics because the theory may create a revolution in the nature of light. He has done the research in collaboration with Prof (Emeritus) Yasuro Ikuma, Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Japan, and Dr. M. Abdel Haleem, Yokohama National University, Japan. During the last hundred years, the scientific community has been believing that light (photon) has two natures that are wave and particle. Dr. Muhibbullah experimentally demonstrated that light is an electromagnetic wave only and it is not required to consider photons to explain the particle nature of light.

In 1905, Albert Einstein explained the photoelectric effect based on quanta (photon) theory. However, only two phenomena (instant ejection and frequency effect) of the photoelectric effect have been matched with Einstein’s explanation. In December 2017, Dr. Muhibbullah and Prof Ikuma explained the photoelectric effect based on their modified electromagnetic wave theory. All (six) phenomena of the photoelectric effect have been matched smoothly with the explanation of the modified electromagnetic wave concept. Dr. Muhibbullah thinks that by using their concept all other photonic behavior of light can be explained. They have applied their theory for several purposes. Up to the present, eight journal papers [1-8] have been published on the modified electromagnetic wave theory and its applications. If the modified electromagnetic wave theory is been used in all applications of light, then the photon concept will be needless. Then a new mechanics (named Modern Mechanics) might be introduced. Dr. Muhibbullah and his group have been doing research on all other areas of light-electron interactions by their modified electromagnetic wave theory.

[1] M. Muhibbullah, Ashraf M. Abdel Haleem and Yasuro Ikuma, Frequency Dependent Power and Energy Flux Density Equations of the Electromagnetic Wave, Results in Physics, 7 (2017) 435–439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2017.01.006.

[2] M. Muhibbullah, Phase difference between the electric and magnetic fields of electromagnetic waves, Optik, 247 (2021) 167862, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2021.167862.

[3] M. Muhibbullah and Yasuro Ikuma, Photoelectron ejection by electromagnetic wave, Optik, 181 (2019) 802-809, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2018.12.144.

[4] M. Muhibbullah and Yasuro Ikuma, Refutation of the short report “On the impossibility of “Photoelectron ejection by electromagnetic wave””, Optik, 202 (2020) 163734, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.163734.

[5] M. Muhibbullah, Y. Ikuma, Ejection angle and depth of photoelectron based on electromagnetic wave, Journal of Modern Optics, 68[16] (2021) 878-885, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340.2021.1957168.

[6] Muhammad Muhibbullah and Yasuro Ikuma, Transition of orbital electrons by electromagnetic waves, Optics, Vol. 4 (2023), 258–271. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/opt4020018.

[7] M Muhibbullah, Jamal Q. Almarashi, Ashraf M Abdel Haleem and Salah E. El-Zohary, , Theoretical and experimental investigations on optimization of the received power of a monopole antenna, Physica Scripta 96 (2021) 015502, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/abc509.

[8] M. Muhibbullah, Ali A. Alhazime, Muhammad Amin and Salah E. El-Zohary, Antenna designing for efficient rectenna solar cells, Physica Scripta, Volume 97(6), (2022) 065505, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/ac6f26.